The report for “Suicides in India 2021” has been released by the Centre and Voice For Men India will bring to you brief analysis on the basis of Gender. To begin with, no life is more or less important than the other, however, the below data consistently emphasises on the need for making personal (matrimonial) laws gender neutral, and perhaps even make exit out from dead abusive marriage/relationships easier.
India records a total of 164,033 suicides in 2021, as against 153,052 reported in the year 2020. This translates into 120 deaths per million population, where the rate of deaths by suicide across India in this year soared to the highest level ever recorded.
Data shows an increase of 7.2% from 2020, where many experts have linked the same to the challenges faced during COVID-19 pandemic. In 2019, this figure was around 139,000.
State Wise – 5 States Account for 50% Suicides In India
Majority of suicides were reported in Maharashtra (22,207) followed by (18,925) suicides in Tamil Nadu, (14,965) suicides in Madhya Pradesh, (13,500) suicides in West Bengal and (13,056) suicides in Karnataka accounting for 13.5%, 11.5%, 9.1%, 8.2% and 8.0% of total suicides respectively.
These 5 States together accounted for 50.4% of the total suicides reported in the country. The remaining 49.6% suicides were reported in the remaining 23 States and 8 UTs.
Uttar Pradesh, the most populous State (16.9% share of country population) has reported comparatively lower percentage share of suicidal deaths, accounting for only 3.6% of the total suicides reported in the country.
Delhi, which is the most-populous UT, has reported the highest number of suicides (2,840) among UTs, followed by Puducherry (504). A total of 25,891 suicides were reported in the 53 mega cities of the country during the 2021.
Suicide – Gender Wise
From a total number of 164,033 suicides recorded in India in 2021, the overall male : female ratio of suicide victims for this year was 72.5 : 27.4, which is more as compared to year 2020 (70.9 : 29.1).
- Men: 1,18,979
- Women: 45,026
- Transgender: 28
Suicide: Social Status
Social Status of victims is classified in seven categories namely ‘Un-married’, ‘Married’, ‘Widowed/Widower’, ‘Divorcee’, ‘Separated’, ‘Others’ and ‘Status Not Known’. Data reveals that 66.9% (1,09,749 out of 1,64,033) of the suicide victims were married while 24.0% were un-married (39,421).
Widowed/Widower, Divorcees and Separated have accounted for 1.5% (2,485 victims), 0.5% (788 victims) and 0.5% (871 victims) of total suicide victims respectively during 2021.
Unmarried Men Vs Unmarried Women
- Unmarried Men: 27,305
- Unmarried Women: 12,096
Married Men Vs Married Women
- Married Men: 81,063
- Married Women: 28,680
Divorced Men Vs Divorced Women
- Divorced Men: 494
- Divorced Women: 294
Separated Men Vs Separated Women
- Separated Men: 626
- Separated Women: 243
Widower Vs Widow:
- Widower: 1470
- Widow: 1015
Mass Family Suicides
A total of 131 cases of mass/family suicides were registered during the year 2021.
In these suicides, a total of 340 persons, comprising of 197 married persons and 143 unmarried persons, lost their lives.
Maximum cases of mass/family suicides were reported in Tamil Nadu (33 cases) followed by Rajasthan (25 cases), Andhra Pradesh (22 cases), Kerala (12 cases) and Karnataka (10 cases) during 2021 with a total 80 persons in Tamil Nadu, 67 persons in Rajasthan, 56 persons in Andhra Pradesh, 31 persons in Karnataka and 26 persons in Kerala losing lives.
Out of 53 cities, mass/family suicides were reported in 11 cities. These 11 cities have registered 29 cases of mass/family suicides in which 75 persons have committed suicides during 2021. Among these persons, 44 were married and 31 were unmarried persons.
Suicide: Top Causes
‘Family Problems’ and ‘Illness’ continue to remain the major causes of suicide which accounted for 33.2% and 18.6% of total numbers respectively during 2021.
‘Drug Abuse/ Alcoholic Addiction’ (6.4%), ‘Marriage Related Issues’ (4.8%), ‘Love Affairs’ (4.6%), ‘Bankruptcy or Indebtedness’ (3.9%), ‘Unemployment’ (2.2%) ,‘Failure in Examination’ (1.0%), ‘Professional/Career Problem’ (1.6%) and ‘Poverty’ (1.1%) were other causes of suicides.
Suicide – Profession Wise
Out of total 1,18,979 male suicides, maximum suicides were committed by daily wage earners (37,751) followed by self employed persons (18,803) and Unemployed Persons (11,724).
A total of 45,026 females committed suicides during 2021 in the country. Of females who committed suicides, highest number (23,178) was of house-wives followed by students (5,693) and daily wage earners (4,246).
A total of 28 transgender have committed suicide. Out of 28 transgender, 9 were ‘Unemployed Persons’ and 7 were ‘Daily Wage Earners’, 2 were ‘Self-employed Persons’ and 1 each under ‘House-wives’ and ‘Professional/Salaried Persons’, while 8 fall under ‘Other’ category.
- India in 2022 still refuses to acknowledge domestic problems faced by Men, particularly married Men. On one hand, the feminist lobby keeps pushing for more and more women centric laws, completely biased in their favour, while Men and their families have been totally left to run around courts facing harassment in false cases for years/decades
- It is a myth that few women, particularly the urban ones may be misusing these laws. In reality, the menace (due to awareness) has spread even in semi urban, Tier II, Tier III as well as rural areas equally
- Infact, several stories reported through the year demonstrate how families of married women have become legal extortionists, threatening the husband/son-in-law to transfer assets, properties and cash in the name of his wife
- NCRB report once again fails to address suicides due to alienation of Fathers from their children in cases where couples have separated, and custodial parent (mother) uses child as a tool to settle score
- Sadly once again, whenever a woman dies by suicide, we attribute the same to her social status of being a housewife, but whenever a man dies by suicide, we automatically connect the cause to his profession
- At present, no government is even willing to discuss issues faced by Men domestically, because women vote bank is the new appeasement card for all
- It is a sad reality that many more men will choose to end their lives over the next few years and only when there is revolt from civil society, centre and states would pay some heed
- Until then, Voice For Men India and all Men’s Rights NGOs are doing their bit in connecting with all such Men facing threats and injustice in the absence of Men’s Commission
- It is our endeavour to give strength to all Men and their families – who have been victims of such Gender Biased Laws – so that they can gain immense courage to sail through this phase of life and emerge stronger as individuals
- Men’s Rights Movement do not get funding or large donations and thus we are dependent on you to spread the cause organically – by sharing our articles, videos on whichever platform or forums that you can – by becoming Voice for all Men yourselves and raising awareness in society
We are doing our bit, please join us in doing yours – #VoiceForMen #SpeakUpMen #MensRights #MenToo #HusbandSuicide #SuicidePrevention
For several stories and cases related to suicides of (married) men, please click on the link here.
Leave your comments on the tweet below:
NCRB Suicide Report 2021 |— Voice For Men India (@voiceformenind) August 30, 2022
▪️Married Men '1.82 Times Higher' Than Married Women ▪️Top Cause: Family Problems@rashtrapatibhvn @PMOIndia @HMOIndia @RijijuOffice @narendramodi @AmitShah @KirenRijiju#VoiceForMen #SpeakUpMen CONThttps://t.co/a5M6zYAGrx
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